The American Psychological Association (APA) Style is normally used to format and cite research papers. The Centre for Nursing Studies offers APA sessions for students. Other supports and resources are offered by the Learning Resource Centre.
Sessions are by appointment only. To schedule your session, please contact the Learning Resource Centre.
As a personal interview is not published or “findable,” it should not be included in an APA reference list. Instead, a personal interview should be referenced as a parenthetical citation. For example: (J. Smith, personal communication, May 17, 2008).
Tips for effective paraphrasing:
- The statement must be in your own words.
- If you use any phrases that are in the original quote, place them in quotation marks.
- Add a citation, even if a paraphrase is in your own words, it is still someone else’s idea.
For more information, please Student Resources.